Part E. Indirect Objects

the direct object and indirect object, can be the subject of the passive sentence.
 

  • There are many verbs which can be followed by two objects. We describe them as the direct object and the indirect object.

 
He gave his girlfriend flowers.
                           indirect        direct
 

  • We can put the indirect object before the direct object by using a preposition (to or for).

 
He gave flowers to his girlfriend.
               direct        indirect
 

  • Either object of an active sentence can become the subject of a passive sentence.

 
Active: At the end of the war, the UK owed the USA millions of dollars.
 
Passive focus: At the end of the war, the USA was owed millions of dollars by the UK.
Passive focus: At the end of the war, millions of dollars were owed to the USA by the UK.