Part E. Indirect Objects
the direct object and indirect object, can be the subject of the passive sentence.
- There are many verbs which can be followed by two objects. We describe them as the direct object and the indirect object.
He gave his girlfriend flowers.
- We can put the indirect object before the direct object by using a preposition (to or for).
He gave flowers to his girlfriend.
- Either object of an active sentence can become the subject of a passive sentence.
Active: At the end of the war, the UK owed the USA millions of dollars.
Passive focus: At the end of the war, the USA was owed millions of dollars by the UK.
Passive focus: At the end of the war, millions of dollars were owed to the USA by the UK.